Cancer is a deadly disease which is caused due to uncontrollable division of cells in the human body. It may affect any part of the body like breast cancer, cervical cancer, leukaemia, bladder cancer etc. Modern medical science provides various methods of checkups and treatment if recognised in early stages. This article discusses various types of treatments provided for the cancer patients. There are many survivors who won the battle with cancer with advancements in medical sciences. Giving proper attention and knowing in advance regarding the disease and medical therapies is very important.
Surgery is a process of removing the cancer off of your body and it must be done under an expert surgeon. It is performed for many types of cancers. Undergoing a surgery would be mainly effective if it is a solid tumour constrained to one part of the body. Tumours are generally referred to the lumps of abnormal cells in a part of the body. However, not all tumours are cancerous, they can sometimes be non-cancerous too and surgery is the most common method adopted by doctors if cancer is found in tumour form. It is one of the most effective methods leading a patient to live long or even can cure the cancer to its roots. Here, you may read about liposuction surgery for better health.
Chemotherapy is a treatment done through the use of powerful drugs to stop or reduce the speed of division of cells in the body of a cancer patient. Chemotherapy, which is referred to as chemo is an effective method for treatment of many types of cancer. But there are risks of side effects too while undergoing chemo. It can also be used after surgery to kill the remains of cancer cells if any. Some common side effects of chemotherapy are as follows:
- Fatigue and nausea
- Pain in joints and muscles
- Low appetite
- Chemotherapy can also damage the tissues of vital organs including heart and kidney if the treatment is long lasting.
Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is another method followed in the treatment of cancer. It is actually considered as a primary treatment for cancer by doctors. As the name suggests radiation beams are used to kill the cancer cells in the body. Nowadays, as the technology got developed, the radio waves are aimed exactly at the affected cells so the healthy tissues are not affected. However, according to which part is treated by radiation side effects may or may not be found.
Immunotherapy is another treatment for cancer which aids the immune system to fight cancer. Immune system is capable of fighting external harmful bacteria and viruses. It is composed of white blood cells and tissues of lymph nodes. Immunotherapy can work as an effective cure for many types of cancers. But it is not yet popularised or followed as chemo or radiotherapy. Several methods of immunotherapy can be used which includes:
- Immune checkpoint inhibitors.
- T cell Cancer therapy
- Treatment vaccines
- Immune system modulators.
- Immunotherapy may sometimes has a chance to destroy the healthy tissues in the body mistaking it as a cancer cell.
Certain proteins are found in the body which controls the spread of cancer cells in the body and targeted therapies are treatments which aim at these proteins. The treatment method is designed after analysing the DNA changes and proteins. This method can be said as the foundation stone of precision treatment for cancer and can be noted as an advancement of medicine in cancer treatment. However, this treatment method is done only for some types of cancer. Target therapy benefits in the following ways:
- Aids the immune system to deteriorate the rate of multiplication of cells.
- Causes the death of cancer cells.
Some type of cancers like breast cancer needs the support of hormones for the spread to other parts of body. Hormone therapy is effective treatment for such types of cancer as it reduces the growth of certain hormones required for the spread and this aid to soothe the symptoms. Hormone therapy also called hormonal therapy can be given in many ways which includes:
A side effect of hormone therapy is the possibility of gaining weight which can be controlled by proper advice from doctor or dietician in controlling a healthy and balanced diet. If you want more information about health then visit planmymedical.
Stem Cell Transplants:
Stem cell transplants are actually procedures that reimpose the growth of new cells. It does not directly act on affected cancer cells in many cases, but they provide your body with the capacity to generate new blood cells. Because as mentioned earlier, undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy may affect the healthy tissues in the body. In that case stem cell transplants play an active role in restoring the ability to produce new cells. But in some cases, like leukaemia, this treatment directly works on cancer cells.
The Emerging Therapies for Cancer:
There are many new therapies that are emerging to treat this deadly disease. Nanotechnology and gene therapies are to name a few. Nanotechnology shows the advancement in the medical fields as they enable to administer therapies particularly to the cancerous cells without affecting the good ones. Gene therapy is also one of the emerging treatments which either completely causes the death of the cancerous cells or slow their growth by introducing genes into the cancerous cells or the tissues surrounding them.
Knowledge about the disease and their treatment methods are what helps the patients and their family to tackle it and release themselves from its clutches; this is the only way through which they can make well-informed decisions. Thus by knowing and understanding the wide range of options that the medical industry can offer to get rid of the disease, the patients can effectively navigate their way through the fearful phase of their life.