Fire safety is no joke! One has to be careful when dealing with fire emergencies unless you are not a professional firefighter.
Handheld portable fire extinguishers can contain fire emergencies, but if the fire is getting wild, even they can do no good, and you have to ultimately call the fire brigade department for your rescue from the fire.
(Fire extinguishers) طفاية حريق are the best first line of defense devices, but if the fire is spreading you should not rely on them to control the emergency.
However, even to operate the fire extinguishers to deal with small fires, one at least needs to know the safety and precautionary measures to operate the fire extinguisher so that more damage can be avoided.
And to prevent further damage, one must know different types of fire extinguishers and different classes of fires because the wrong choice of fire extinguishers can cause extreme damage to lives and property.
Select your Fire Extinguisher
Make sure that your fire extinguisher is certified by a renowned testing laboratory. For example, all the fire extinguishers of Bavaria firefighting are certified, and you can rely on them for the safety of your homes, offices, and buildings.
Now we will discuss different classes of fires,
Class-A fires include the fires caused by solid combustible materials such as wood, paper, textile, and plastic. These fires are commonly seen in warehouses, offices, storage houses, and textile factories.
Class B Fire
Class B fires include fires caused by inflammable liquids like gasoline, grease, tar, petroleum, oil, and oil-based paints.
Class C Fire
Class C fires include electrical fires. They are caused by electrical equipment such as fuses, wiring, machinery, circuit breakers, etc.
These are the three main classes of fires that are often encountered in both domestic and commercial buildings.
Each class of fire is dealt with a distinguished type of fire extinguisher and can be dangerous otherwise. Some versatile fire extinguishers are labeled ‘B: C’ as they can fight both class B and class C fires.
Size of the Fire Extinguisher
The handheld portable fire extinguishers are also classified according to the size of the fire that they can handle, and this varies with each cylinder.
For class-A fires, the number ranges from one to forty. As for class B fires, the range extends from one to six forty. You can find this range on the label of the fire extinguisher.
The greater the range larger the size of the fire can be dealt with, with the fire extinguishing cylinder. But there is one thing that you need to consider, the greater the number heavier the cylinder, so make sure to buy the cylinder that you can hold to extinguish the fire.
Installation and Maintenance
Where should I install the handheld portable fire extinguisher? Now, this is a very important question, and you should never overlook it. The place where you will install your fire extinguisher matters a lot.
Make sure to install the fire extinguisher at places where you can access them easily or the place that is vulnerable to fire ignitions and fire emergencies.
Heating places, stoves, and exit places are some of the common places to install fire extinguishers. But make sure that you install it high enough so that it is out of the reach of the children.
As far as the maintenance of the fire extinguishers is concerned, fire extinguishers are not show-pieces that you can hang up on the walls until you need them; they need regular care and maintenance.
There are two main categories of fire extinguishers when it comes to reusing. Some extinguishers are rechargeable, and you have to recharge them after every use, while others are disposable, which can be used only once and are disposed of properly after use.
For maintenance and routine care of your fire extinguisher, see the manufacturer’s instructions that are written on the manual that comes along with the fire extinguisher and also keep a regular check of the pressure of the cylinder.
The “PASS” word
Fire extinguishers are not something that you can try even if you don’t know how to operate them. You need proper training and instructions to safely use the fire extinguisher to contain the fire emergency.
The PASS word is basically the steps of operation of the fire extinguisher. There is no rocket science behind it though, but make sure to give it a read before trying it out.
Pull the pin of the cylinder.
Aim your fire extinguisher at the fire. Make sure to aim low so that you target the base of the flames.
The next step is to squeeze the lever which will enable the discharge of the extinguishing material from the extinguisher.
The last and final step is to sweep from left to right by maintaining the aim at the base of the fire.